The word Ruby is synonymous with red and it is the most famous red colored gemstone there is, as no other red gem comes close to it’s deep red color.
But what makes a Ruby red? All gemstones are made up of minerals and trace elements, and chromium is the trace element that causes Ruby’s red color. Did you know that Rubies and Sapphires are actually the same mineral, just different colors? It’s true, Sapphires are exactly the same mineral species except trace amounts of iron and titanium create it’s famous blue color! They’re cousins essentially.
Rubies command the highest prices per carat out of any gemstone, including diamonds. This is because gem grade material is so scarce, making gem quality Rubies the most valuable gemstones in the marketplace. Here’s a fact, $32.4 MILLION is the record selling price of one Ruby! “On May 12, 2015, a 25.59-carat ruby ring sold for $1,266,901 per carat, setting a new record at auction for a colored gemstone.” Now that’s a stone I’d love to see.
Historically the finest Rubies came from Mynmar, formally known as Burma and if you came across a “Burmese Ruby,” it would be the finest red color available. “Pigeon’s Blood” is how that color is described because apparently its color matches exactly the blood drawn from a freshly killed pigeon…Macabre, no?
Rubies are also one of the most durable gemstones out there, being a 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness, only second from a Diamond. Rubies would last a lifetime of everyday wear, so they are very well suited to being set in a ring.
If you were born in July, then you are very lucky to have Ruby as your birthstone! I can’t think of a better stone that makes me think of warm summer days and beachy sunsets.